Periodization in Resistance Training: Top Benefits

Periodization is an important concept in resistance training. It refers to the division of training into distinct phases, or cycles, each with its own specific goals. For example, a meso-cycle might consist of four weeks of training, with phases (mico-cycles) followed by a week of rest and recovery (check out our rest and recovery article here). This type of cycle can be repeated several times over the course of a longer training period.

The benefits of periodization are twofold. First, it allows the trainee to focus on specific goals during each phase of training. This can help to prevent boredom and ensure that the workouts are effective. Second, it helps to reduce the risk of injury by giving the body time to recover between workouts.

If you are new to resistance training, it is important to consult with a qualified trainer or coach to design a periodized program that meets your needs and goals. Safe and effective resistance training requires careful planning and execution, so don’t hesitate to ask for help if you need it.

Training Phases

The loading phase of a resistance training program is when muscles are overloaded with a greater than normal amount of weight. The purpose of this phase is to increase muscle size and strength. For most people, the loading phase of a meso-cyle could last 4-6 weeks. During this time, it is important to eat a balanced diet that includes plenty of protein and calories. In addition, you should focus on getting enough rest and recovery. After the loading phase is complete, you can move on to the maintenance phase, where you will continue to see results while training with lighter weights.

As any athlete knows, tapering is an important part of any training regime. The tapering phase is the period of time before a competition or event when athletes reduce their training volume in order to allow their bodies to fully recover. This recovered state is known as peak condition, and it is when athletes are able to perform at their highest level. Tapering allows athletes to avoid overtraining and fatigue, which can lead to sub-optimal performance on race day. Although the tapering phase may last for several weeks, the actual reduction in training volume should be gradual in order to avoid any sudden drops in fitness levels. As such, athletes need to carefully plan their tapering phase in order to ensure that they are able to perform at their best when it matters most.

Deloading is a strategic way to reduce the volume and intensity of your resistance training while still continuing to train. This can be done for a variety of reasons, such as injury prevention, recovery from a recent competition, or a general break from training. The deloading phase typically lasts for one to two weeks, during which you will reduce the number of sets, repetitions, and weight lifted. You may also choose to take more rest days during this phase. deloading allows your body to recover from the stress of resistance training and can help you avoid burnout or overtraining. As always, consult with a certified trainer or medical professional before making any changes to your exercise routine.


Remember, meso-cycle is the key to effective periodization in resistance training. This is because it helps to ensure that you are constantly progressing, while also allowing for rest and recovery. Keep in mind the key is adherence to its three phases: the loading phase, the tapering phase, and the deloading phase. By following a meso-cycle, you can avoid overtraining and injuries, while still making progress in your resistance training.

– Train Hard!

CoreTek Fitness
Author: CoreTek Fitness

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